Category Archives: 1988 Pattern Webbing

88 Pattern Webbing Overview

I am very pleased to say that tonight marks the start of a new mini-series of posts covering the last variation of the Australian 1988 Pattern webbing set. I have covered two pieces on the blog before, the early pattern of water bottle carrier and the later version of the Minimi ammunition pouch, but I have recently managed to add a homogenous 2010 dated set of webbing to my collection and we are going to look in detail at the various components on a Wednesday for the next couple of months.

The 1988 Pattern set was the first complete indigenously designed and produced webbing set used by Australia, previously the sets of accoutrements had been based off of foreign designs, the British 37 Pattern and the later US M56 sets being copied and modified to suit Australian needs, but neither design originating in the country.

The end of the Vietnam War saw major changes to the military uniforms and equipment in Australian service. Auscam was introduced as the first Australian camouflage pattern and a new webbing set was produced to match this, entering service at the very end of the 1980s:imageThe design was based around a belt and H-Yoke, with a large padded section to protect the wearer’s hips. Originally a haversack was worn centrally on the back of the belt, but this was quickly dropped in favour of an extra Minimi pouch and an extra water bottle. The original designs used metal clips and had press button buckles, by 2010 all the fittings were in plastic and fixed Fastex buckles were used. There are numerous set ups of the webbing to be seen in photographs, mine is a typical example and has the following components:88 Pattern WebbingHere we see a bunch of Australian Cadets practicing with the F88 Austeyr battle rifle, all wearing various configurations of the 88 pattern webbing set:37dbb28f494bb63a7ed70f13c6e93919On operations the choice of pouches would depend on the load and weapons a man was carrying, one soldier explains:

I simply wore standard Australian army issue. I wore the normal webbing belt, a “double” belt comforter and 5x Minimi pouches, 2x water bottles and a bayonet. This was all held together with “fastex” plastic clips and DPCU tape

An Australian Cadet handbook explains about the system:

Webbing is designed to be versatile and interchangeable. Individuals will set up webbing to personal preference. Typical webbing will consist of the following pieces of equipment:

  1. Harness, There are many designs with different tether points. The harness should be comfortable to wear as it will help carry the load.
  2. Belt; Most of the pouches will connect to the belt. The belt should sit on the hips to help spread the weight of the load.
  3. Water Bottle & Pouches; Pouches designed specifically to carry water bottles. Common designs have an external pouch for carrying addition items.
  4. Pouches, Steyr or Minimi; Modern DPCU webbing pouches come in two sizes, Steyr or Minimi. As the name suggests, the pouches are designed for either the F-88 Austeyr or the F-89 Minimi. The Steyr pouch is designed to carry 3 Steyr Magazines whereas the Minimi pouch is designed to carry 200 rounds of linked ammunition. In the AAFC, both pouches are used to carry equipment with the Minimi pouch being favored due to its larger size.
  5. Bum Bag. Not as prevalent as they once were, the bum bag is a larger pouch that can expand to carry a significant amount of equipment. These days however, many people use Minimi Pouches instead.
  6. Comforter: Foam mat used to cushion the belt and help prevent chaffing.

We will continue with further in depth posts about the components in the coming weeks.

Australian 1988 Pattern Waterbottle and Carrier

Following Sunday’s post on the Australian M1988 Minimi pouch, tonight we turn to the second piece of this load bearing equipment I have in my collection so far, the first pattern waterbottle and carrier:imageThe design of the waterbottle and carrier, officially known as a ‘canteen carrier’, closely mirrors that of the earlier 1956 pattern waterbottle and cover we considered here last year, but manufactured in ‘Auscam’ camouflage, which in turn was heavily inspired by the US Army M1910 waterbottle carrier! On the rear of the carrier is a wire hanger:imageAnd two metal ‘ALICE’ style clips to secure the carrier to a belt:imageAs with the minimi pouch we looked at previously, the waterbottle pouch has three metal grommets in the base to allow water to drain off:imageA piece of cotton webbing is sewn onto the front of the carrier to allow a field dressing to be attached:imageThis was deleted on second model carriers and replaced with a pocket for a hexamine cooker. The bottle is held in the pouch by two rounded flaps, secured with press studs:imageThe underside of the flap has details of the manufacturer, date ( November 1989) and store’s numbers:imageAlthough Australia has never been part of NATO it has adopted NATO standard stores numbers and was allocated the country code of ‘66’. The ‘canteen cover’ has a stores code of 8465-66-063-9664, the first four digits indicating the type of stores, followed by the country code and then the individual item code. The inside of the carrier is lined with green felt, this can be wetted and the slow evaporation of this water helps keep the water in the canteen cool:imageThe waterbottle carried inside the cover seems to be identical to the green plastic example used on the earlier webbing set:imageThis example is dated 1995:image

Australian 1988 Pattern Minimi Pouch

Following the Vietnam War, the Australian military revised all their uniforms, weapons and webbing based on their experience in this conflict. The most obvious change was the adoption of the five colour ‘auscam’ camouflage pattern, with this pattern being used on both unforms and a new webbing system. This new webbing system was introduced in 1989 and based around the newly adopted Steyr personal weapon and the Minimi support weapon. One of the new elements of webbing was a pouch to hold the belts of ammunition for the Minimi:imageThis pouch measures 20cm x 15cm x 10 cm and fastened by a plastic Fastex buckle:imageThe front and rear of the pouch are made from stiffer materials to help hold the contents safely, then pouch being designed to hold either a 200 round Minimi magazine or ten 15-round clips of ammunition. The reverse of the pouch has a strip of cotton webbing to reinforce:imageAttached to this is a pair of belt fasteners and three D-Rings to attach to the rest of the set:imageThe base of the pouch has three metal reinforced drainage holes:imageEither side of the pouch has cotton loops for hanging items off the pouch:imageThis pouch is dated 2002 and has the large /|\ ownership mark stamped under the top flap:imageThe pouch has a nato stores code of 8465-66-132-6860. Although designed for Minimi ammunition, these large pouches have been very popular with troops as a general purpose pouch for both ammunition and personal items. This is the first of two items of 1988 pattern Auscam webbing we will be looking at this week- this being a new webbing set I have just started to pull together.Australian+Army+Host+Fire+Power+Demonstration+0lnwdZ9gNEql